Latency is the delay between the time an audio or video signal is generated and the time it is received. In the context of audio and video, latency is often measured in milliseconds, and refers to the time it takes for a signal to be processed, transmitted, and played back. Latency can have a significant impact on the quality of audio and video playback, as it can cause a noticeable delay between the time an action is performed and the time it is seen or heard. This can be especially problematic for applications such as online gaming or video conferencing, where real-time interaction is important. Reducing latency can improve the overall experience of audio and video playback, but it can also be challenging, as it often involves a trade-off with other factors such as video and audio quality.